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  • Być wiernym Ojczyźnie mej, Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej

     

  • AKTUALNOŚCI

  • 15 maja 2017

    W dniu 15 maja br. w siedzibie ONZ w Nowym Jorku odbyła się otwarta debata Rady Bezpieczeństwa NZ poświęcona zagadnieniu przemocy seksualnej jako taktyki wojny i terroryzmu.

    Debata została zorganizowana z inicjatywy przewodniczącego obecnie pracom Rady Urugwaju, w ramach szerszej agendy dot. kobiet, pokoju i bezpieczeństwa.  Głównym jej założeniem było zwrócenie uwagi społeczności międzynarodowej na problem przemocy na tle seksualnym, zwłaszcza w kontekście rosnących przypadków ekstremizmu, terroryzmu a także handlu ludźmi w celach seksualnych. Punktem wyjścia do dyskusji był opublikowany niedawno raport SG NZ, który identyfikuje główne trendy i wyzwania dot. implementacji agendy przeciwdziałania przemocy seksualnej w sytuacjach konfliktowych.

     

    Głos w debacie zabrał ambasador Bogusław Winid, który w swoim przemówieniu podkreślił rolę m.in. podnoszenia świadomości nt. problemu, zapewnienia odpowiednich szkoleń dla personelu misji pokojowych, gromadzenia danych nt. procederu i alokacji odpowiednich funduszy na rzecz walki z przemocą seksualną w konfliktach.

     

    Wystąpienie poniżej:

     

    Excellencies, Distinguished Participants, ladies and gentlemen,

    Let me begin by thanking Uruguay for organizing this timely debate. Poland aligns itself with the statement delivered/to be delivered by the European Union. I would like to take this opportunity to share with you some additional remarks in my national capacity.

    Mr. President,

    Since the adoption of the UNSC resolutions 1820, 1888, 1960 and 2106, which recognize rape and other forms of sexual violence as a war crime and a crime against humanity, several positive developments occurred in addressing this issue.

    Firstly, sexual violence was included in the mandates of peacekeeping operations and international community began to deploy gender advisors and female protection officers, trained in sexual violence issues.

    Secondly, the availability and quality of data on sexual crimes improved and many perpetrators were brought to justice, like in Colombia, DRC, Iraq or Uganda.

    Thirdly, awareness raising campaigns and the greater involvement of the international community played a key role in legislative reforms in conflict affected countries where rape hadn’t been recognized before as a crime.

    Finally, since 2010 a number of National Action Plans has substantively increased and many countries implemented national strategies aimed at providing assistance to victims and survivors of sexual violence.

    Examples of Guatemala and Guinea show that including high ranking officials and governments representatives can be held accountable for crimes related to sexual violence.

    Yet, sexual violence is still used as a weapon of war and systematic tactic of terrorism and torture and it continues to be widespread and unpunished.

    Mr. President,

    During conflicts there is a silent consent to sexual violence, which continues underreported, mainly due to the sociocultural stigma and a general lack of awareness, but also because of the fear of reprisals and lack or weakness of institutions and services.

    There is an urging need to hold perpetrators accountable and to provide victims and survivors with basic services, such as health care, psychological support, financial aid, legal assistance and socio-economic reintegration services.

    Mr. President,

    International community faces multiple challenges with regard to conflict related sexual violence. New trends, including rise in violent extremism and mass migration may trigger incidents of trafficking in persons for purposes of sexual exploitation and violence. It disproportionately affects women and children, in particular migrant, displaced, from ethnic and religious minorities. In this regard let me thank Spain for bringing forward the resolution 2331 (2016) establishing the link between human trafficking and conflict related sexual violence.

    Mr. President,

    There is a political will to address the issue of conflict related sexual violence but more needs to be done to fight with the culture of impunity. Combating sexual violence in conflict is an integral part of a wider conflict prevention agenda and we should spare no effort  to tackle this problem holistically.

    Raising awareness about the scale of sexual violence in conflict and its impact on societies is the first step. One example is the successful initiative of Argentina and their resolution 69/293 proclaiming June 19th the International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict, which draws the attention of the international community to the problem while honoring the victims and survivors and paying tribute to all those involved in the eradication of these crimes.

    Secondly, training for medical staff, military and police personnel, lawyers, prosecutors and judges to be gender sensitive, better prevent, recognize and respond to sexual violence and other forms of violence against civilians and facilitate the reporting of SV related crimes is a must. It includes pre-deployment trainings, deployment of more female gender advisors and measures for ensuring higher representation of women in national police services to facilitate the survivors reporting about cases of sexual violence.

    Allocation of adequate financial resources is another important point. As a proof of our commitment Polish government contributed last year 2,5 mln PLN (approximately 600.00 USD) to the UNICEF Mosul operation in Iraq, providing assistance to thousands of Christian and Yezidi women and girls fleeing from the horror of trafficking, forced marriages and sexual enslavement perpetrated by ISIL.

    Last but not least, the cooperation between conflict affected governments, civil society and international community can’t be underestimated. One of the best examples of fostering the collaboration amongst various stakeholders is the Preventing Sexual Violence Initiative which was launched 5 years ago by UK.

    Mr. President,

    Let me conclude on a positive note by commending Colombia for developing an exemplary legal framework for addressing conflict-related sexual violence and the government of Cote D’Ivoire for their policies providing services, justice and reparations for the survivors. Their commitments may serve as an example to State and non-State actors from other conflict affected area how to address this issue.

    I thank you.

    Bogusław Winid / fot. UN  PHOTO
    Bogusław Winid / fot. UN PHOTO

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