STANOWISKA I WYSTĄPIENIA
14 lutego 2017
13 lutego 2017 r. Rada Bezpieczeństwa NZ przeprowadziła otwartą debatę nt. ochrony infrastruktury krytycznej przed atakami terrorystycznymi. Temat ten został wprowadzony na agendę Rady z inicjatywy Ukrainy – obecnej Prezydencji RB.
W polskim wystąpieniu ambasador Bogusław Winid podkreślił, że podstawowa odpowiedzialność za ochronę infrastruktury krytycznej spoczywa na władzach krajowych. Ze względu na transgraniczny charakter zagrożeń terrorystycznych, istnieje jednak szeroka płaszczyzna do współpracy międzynarodowej w tym obszarze. Stały Przedstawiciel RP odwołał się do instrumentów wprowadzonych przez OBWE oraz Unię Europejską. Wskazał także na polsko-ukraińskie doświadczenia ze współpracy bilateralnej w zakresie bezpieczeństwa chemicznego, a także organizacji masowych imprez sportowych.
Pełny tekst wystąpienia:
Thank you for organizing this meeting and introducing the issue of protecting the critical infrastructure against terrorist attacks on the Security Council agenda.
We align ourselves with the statement delivered on behalf of the European Union. I would like to present some additional remarks in my national capacity.
Poland participated in the Arria formula meeting on this topic organized by Ukrainian delegation in November last year. Today we take yet another opportunity to discuss this issue of utmost importance.
Terrorism poses a growing threat to both national and international security. It also violates and abuses the human rights, including the every basic right to life, and undermines the development. UN Security Council has underlined many times that terrorism constitutes a threat to the maintenance of international peace and security.
Threats do not respect borders in today’s globalized world. Terrorists can easily infiltrate our most vulnerable energy and transportation hubs. It is recommended to broaden the cooperation in a wider geographical context. The UN is a proper forum to initiate the discussion how to do it.
Protection of critical infrastructure is first and foremost a responsibility of the national authorities. The ultimate condition to achieve this is having efficient national security system.
However, there is also space for a closer international cooperation. It is caused not only by the fact that the potential threats are of trans-boundary character, but also many useful ’lessons learned’ can be shared between states.
In this context Poland is ready to share its experience with partner countries and to support the security sector reform programs.
One good example of such cooperation with participation of Poland and Ukraine concerns chemical security, including critical chemical infrastructure. Projects dedicated to this area have been developed both bilaterally and multilaterally in the OSCE and the European Union and were supported by the Global Partnership Chemical Security Working Group. Continuation of these efforts is becoming more and more important, due to the fact that many chemical facilities are located in Donetsk and Luhansk - the areas affected by the hostilities and war imposed to Ukraine from the outside.
We also shared a close cooperation in 2012 when Poland and Ukraine co-hosted UEFA European Football Championship. This collaboration included among others protection of transportation infrastructure and providing safety and security related to organization of mass sporting events.
Let me also highlight the growing role of international aspects of critical infrastructure protection. Regional organizations, such as the OSCE and the European Union, introduce programs aimed at structured cooperation or exchange of information. For instance, the OSCE framework includes travelers security and protection of energy infrastructure. The EU cooperation envisages air passengers database, cooperation of border guards and Europol reports. It is recommended to extend the cooperation in this area. The role of the state-private sector link is also vital.
Finally, Mr. President, let me welcome the resolution, which we co-sponsored, on the protection of the critical infrastructure that was initiated by Ukraine and adopted today in the morning.
Thank you for your attention.